Nature Reserve Beka


Tourist Attractions

Nature Reserve Beka

The Beka Nature Reserve is dedicated to those who appreciate contact with nature. When visiting the Puck Bay area, it is a must-see destination and a wonderful adventure for both children and adults. The nature reserve is one of the few coastal areas where you can experience peace and quiet instead of a crowd of tourists, where the singing of birds and the breeze of wind soothe your senses. Take your time in this beautiful place and enjoy the wonderful nature, as it is one of the few charming sanctuaries of peace.

The Beka Nature Reserve was created to protect mammals, reptiles, amphibians, and birds. The reserve is included within the Natura 2000 network. It is located on the low coast of Puck Bay, within the boundaries of the Coastal Landscape Park. The aim of protecting this area is to preserve the moist saline meadows, rare communities of sedge mires, rich breeding and migratory birdlife, as well as for scientific and educational purposes. It is classified as a protected area under the Bird Directive (Special Protection Area) and the Habitat Directive (Special Area of Conservation). There is a viewing tower where visitors can admire beautiful views of the surrounding areas. Visitors can explore the reserve through hiking trails and cycling routes for a better understanding and appreciation of the reserve.

Why are these areas so unique?

Regular use of agricultural land and the inflow of salty water from the Puck Bay (which occurs every autumn and winter) have created ideal conditions for the development of unique and rare plant habitats – saline. Saline habitats provide an excellent breeding ground for waterfowl.

The Beka Reserve is an important site for European bird species. Over 200 species of birds occur within and around the reserve, including over 40 species that breed directly within the reserve. The most valuable among them are the species associated with meadows, sandy grasslands, and beaches.

Many rare and protected plant species are protected on the saline habitats, such as Gerarda’s burweed, sea arrowgrass, sea plantain, sea milkwort, seaside bur-reed, Tabernaemontana reed, saltmarsh aster, and red fescue. The northern part of the reserve, supplied with fresh water, is a habitat for orchids (such as Lady’s slipper, Liparis loeselii) and other strictly protected plant species, such as marsh helleborine and the carnivorous plant, common sundew.

Beka Reserve Fun Fact

Beka Nature Reserve was established in the 1980s to protect rare and unique plant habitats and a rich bird fauna. Human activity in this area has been limited, but after the cessation of cattle grazing, extensive areas of salty meadows were replaced by reeds. Currently, thanks to the reserve protection project, controlled cattle grazing and mowing of reeds are being carried out to restore as much open meadow surface as possible, which are habitats for valuable plants and birds. The Beka Reserve has been enlarged to include the ecosystem of the coastal waters of Puck Bay and the mouth of the Zagórska Struga river, along with their rich natural resources. The protection also covers the processes that shape the coastal ecosystem in the Reda delta area. This is the first partially marine nature reserve in Poland and currently covers an area of 356 hectares.

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